1984 -George Orwell
Summary Chapter 1 and 2
We are introduced to Winston Smith the main character of the story.
Works at Ministry of truth. Ministry of truth is one of four government
buildings in destroyed London, the main city of Airstrip One, a province of
Oceania. Year is 1984 and three contries are at war, Oceania, Eurasia and
Eastasia. Oceania is run by the party whose leader is Big Brother. Winston is
sick of his life in the ruined city and decides to keep a diary. This is
against the law in Oceania. He felt his feelings begin to hate Emmanuel
Goldstein, leader of the enemy party. He also spots O'Brien, a party leader
whose eyes he see's a bit of political sympthy. See's young girl who he
dislikes. He feels it is only a matter of time before his though crimes are
detected. A knock at the door he thinks is police. Mrs. Parsons, his neighbor
is at the door and asked him to unclog a sink. He does it but smells sweat all
over the apartment. Mrs. Parsons is a follower of party doctrine and a fellow
employee at the ministry. The children are members of Spies, a youth that
encourages spying and telling on traitors, including parents. Winston is
revolted. He returns home and writes a couple more minutes before going back
to work. He remenbers a dream where O'Brien tole him he would meet him in a
place wher there is no darkness. He washes his hands and hides the diary
Reaction Major ideas, conflicts and themes are introduced. We are shown how
the earth has changed, into 3 main contenients. we are also introduced to the
main character and how he fits into the new world. Also we are shown how the
computer age has taken over peoples minds. The language is easy to understand,
it has not really changed much over time. Seems like nothing left after
nuclear war, just ruins remaining. We are introduced to Tom Parsons which
Winston is contrasted with. The city is very drab.
Quotes "Big brother is watching you, the caption beneath it said"
"Thoughtcrime was not a thing that could be concealed for ever."
Summary Chapter 3,4 and 5
Waking from dreams, he remembers his mother and sister, and can barely
remember their disappearence and feels responsible for there deaths. He has
another dream where he is in the perfect countryside with the girl he had
noticed eariler. He dreamed she stripped for him. This time he is woken up by
the telescreen, telling him to do his exercises. He thinks about how much
power the Party has over all information. Begins work at the ministry of
truth. His job is to correct printed articles in line with the Party's orders.
The Ministry and records department jobs are to rewrite history to make the
party look good. They get a break because of the 2 minute hate. When he gets
back he replaces a speech by Big Brother with invented history. Makes up story
about a man named Ogilvy. The article had become contrary to the present party
policy. It is replaced as though is never existed. Winston meets Syme, a
philologist, for lunch. Syme explains parts about Newspeak. They are joined by
Parsons. Winston thinks of the fate that each co-worker will recieve. Syme
will be vapourized because he is to smart, where Parsons is dull enough to
escape vapourization. He is the only one who has not been taken over by the
propaganda that is always being brodcast. He notices the same girl from the
other day starring at him and thinks it is the thought police.
Reaction The Golden country that he dreams about is definatly a release or
a freedom from the the drabness of London. Also from the party. We are
introduced to the fact that he has no mother or father or sisters or brothers
anymore because they were taken by the party. He is realizing that he is
rebelling against the party and he understands that he is at risk. Winston is
in search of the truth and is concerned because of the party's ability to
change history. We find that he likes his work even though it is for the party
and against morals. He is introduced to the girl that will play a big part in
the book most likely.
Quotes "People in the Records Department did not talk readily about
there jobs." "Winstons greatest pleasure in life was his work"
Summary Chapter 6,7 and 8
He records in his diary and encounter a couple of years ago with a
prostiture mad up to look young, but was really and old woman. This menory of
the encounter causes him to think of the policy regarding sex and marriage
which the party has enforced. Thsi causes him to theink of his miserable life
with his wife Katherine, that he has not seen in eleven years. Winston resents
the intrusinon of the Party into the sex lives of its members. Also realizes
the discouragement of sexual enjoyment, that makes any love affair with a
party member impossible. Writing down the incident does not help him. He makes
another entry in his diary, this one concerning the proles. He feels they are
the only group that might overthrough the party, but they are unaware of it.
There is no way of finding the truth about the past but he does think that
present life is worse than the past. He remembers a photo that came into his
possession trying to change the pastbut he destroyed it. He plans to stay
free. After work one evening, he wonders into the prole end of London, and
ends up near the store where he bought the diary. Follows man into pub and
plans to ask him about revolution but man is incoherent. He leaves the pub and
wanders. He ends up outside the little antique shop and decides to buy a glass
paperweight. Mr. Charrington shows him a room upstairs and Winston dreams of
renting it. He notices a dark haired girl following himand he is sure it is
the thought police and he will be arrested.
Reaction We discover that people have a bond when it comes to sexuallity
that the party connot control. Even thought the party rejects sexual
relationships between its members. Sexual experience is no longer allowed in
the society and Winston longs for one. He confesses in his Diary about his
last expereince but it does not help. We find he has faith in the proles and
there ability to revolt. It is hard to set up a revolt with the thought police
detecting every thought. Winston reaches a crises with the thought police.
Quotes "Winston reached down and cautiously scratched his varicose
ulcer" "Not a word could ever be proved or disproved"
Summary Part 2, Chapter 1,2 and 3
At work he runs into the dark haired girl again, in the hallway. She
falls and while he is lifting her up she slips him a note. He reads it at his
desk and is amazed to find that it simple states, I love you. Eager and
excited to meat with her, he has to wait 7 days until they eat together in the
cafeteria. They decide to meet in Victory square. When meeting there, they
arrange another meeting next sunday afternoon. At the designated meeting
place, in the countryside outside London, he finally learns her name. Julia
explains that she considers herself rebelious to the party. She has had sex
with many other non-members. Suddenly he walks into the scene exactly like his
dreem. She removes her clothes and they have sex. He belives that sexual
desire may be the force that destroys the party. Following there secret
meeting they meet each othe occasionally. Julie arranges the meetings. They go
a month without seeing each other but whenever they can before and after. She
belives that she must pretend to cooperate with the party and in secret break
the rules whenever possible. Winston thinks that rebellion is the best answer.
They discuss past girl and boyfriends and how the party controls them.
Reaction He is ready for the Julia but is worried about a possible trap.
His negative approach to life and his sexual fustration make him ready anyhow.
Once he commits to her he connot go back and he is committing though crimes.
This may be the beginning of the end. He was happy to find that she was not a
virgin and had previous affairs. His idea of revolt is changed and he now is
enjoying being corrupted. Julia takes charge of the relationship, showing her
aggressivness. She does not believe in Winstons ideas on rebellion and thinks
Quotes "A sense of helplessness took hold of Winston"
"Between you and me, the antique trade's just about finished"
Summary Chapter 4,5,6 and 7
Winston does rent the room above the antique show and realizes the
foolishness of what he and Julia are doing. She brings him coffee and real
sugar and real old-fashioned make-up. Julie tries to remember an old nursry
rhyme, while Winston immagines that he and Julia and the room itself were all
closed in like the paperweight. Many preperations for the upcoming hate week
keep Winston, Julia and the others very busy. Winston discovers that his
friend Syme has dissappeared and all records of him have been altered.
Meanwhile, Parsons is still busy and happy in the preperations for hate week.
He was right about them. Because of the increased work load he and Julia do
not meet as much but in the room above the antique shop they look at things
from the past and other forbidden things. They discuss the hopelessness of
there private rebellion and that it cannot go on forever. He is dissappointed
that Julie does not reject propaganda from the partyand her theroy that the
party sends bombs on itself. One day at work O'Brien gives Winston his address
and asked him to stop by so tha he can lend him an advance copy of the
Newspeak dictionary. Winstonthinks this is a conspiracy against the party and
is excited but, thinks it will end in touture and death. Winston dreams of his
mother again and the hunger and awful conditions there were before the
disappearence. He feals bad for asking for rationed food and stealing his
sisters choclate. When he came back they were gone. Winston tries to tell her
but she is tired. He is glad him and her have there own feeling toward each
Reaction He rents room above the antique shop showing his independence and
his plunge into the end. He wishes the room could be closed in like the
paperweight. We find out how different the two main characters are. The state
does not care what kind of person you you are. Julia understanding of the
party is much better that Winston although she is nieve to many things that
the party does. Winston defines his rebellion in three steps, first the
thought then the word(Diary) then the act(Julia). O'Brien seems to be a good
man, also in rebellion. His mother was like him.
Quotes "The timy interior of the shop ws in fact uncomfortably full,
but there was almost nothing in it of the slightest value" "A sharp
cry of pain was wrung out of her"
Summary chapter 8,9 and 10
Winston takes Julia to the O'Briens apartment. He wonderes is O'Brien is
also a rebel because he finds him in front of the telescreen, hard at work.
Over toast he explains to Winston what is required of the secret rebel
brotherhood. They except the terms of the menbership except that they will
never see each other ever again. O'Brien promises to be given a copy of
Emmanuel Goldstein's book, secretly in the future. After a long week, of
sorting through millions of documents, changing them to prove that the Party's
decision that Easstasia, and not Eurasia, was the enemy that they have been
fighting all along. He rushes home to read the copy of the book. He reads
while lying back and relaxing. Julia falls asleep when he tries to read her
sections of it. When they awake from there sleep they start talking, but a
voice issues from behind the picture on the wall. It is a hidden telescreen
which instructs them not to move. They are rushed by armed guards. The Thought
Police had been observing them all along. Winston and Julia are violently
seperated. Mr. Charrington enters the room without his disquise, looking much
younger. He is a menber of the thought police.
Reaction Winston thinks of O'Brein as a strong, unexcitable man. He is
dedicated and wholeheartyu to the brotherhood. Winston joins the brotherhood
and tells about his dreams. We understand about hate week a little more.
Winston reads the book that is given to him by O'Brien. Winston and Julia get
arrested. They find out that O'Brien was the enemy. There was a sorta feeling
that O'Brien was the bad guy, and they would get cought sonner or later.
Quotes "He was a bit early" "The lane widened, and in a
minute he came to the footpath she had told him of"
Summary Part 3 Chapter 1 and 2
Winston is being held prisoner in a large, crowded cell at the Ministry of
Love. Ampleforth and Parsons are both prisoners also. Parsons was tured in by
his own daughter for thoughtcrime. He feels increased discomfort and room 101
is continually mentioned by several prisoners. O'Brien enters the cell with a
guard and Winston now realized he has been betrayed by him. O'Brein is a
member of the Inner Party. O'Brien orders the guard to strike Winston who
feels a great deal of pain on his elbow. Winston is tortured both physically
and mentally for an unknown length of time. He keeps getting interrogated with
beations and questions until he confesses to many crimes. O'Brien reveals that
he has been watching Winston for seven years. O'Brein wants total rehab. from
Winston. O'Brien explains why the party can never be defeated. He has been
informed that Julia quite easily betrayed him and has now been released
totally rehabilitated. Winstons questions about room 101 is not answered.
Reaction Finally he is caught by the thought police, which was inevidable
since the beginning. He realizes that he has been betrayed by Julia and
O'Brien. But he says he would never betray her. All time is lost while he is
in jail. We is going to be rehabilitated and is taken to the dreded 101 for
more mind games. Winston does not crack, except that O'Brien gets him to
believe is a little crasy.
Quotes "Listen the more men you have had the more I love you"
"We can come here once again"
Summary Chapter 3 and 4
O'Brien tells Winston th esecond stage of his rehab. is about to begin-
understanding the why in party. He also tells winston that he wrote sections
of Goldstiens book. He says the Party rules for the sake of power, and power
alone. The proles will never revolt. O'Brein questions him further and
punishes him when he does not answer correctly. Winston says he is morally
superior to the Party, but O'Brien has a tape of the conversation about what
Winston was willing to do to join the brotherhood. Winston thinks that the
party will be defeated by a noble man, but O'Brien shows Winston himself in
the mirror. Winston weeps looking at his own aged and ghastly body. He
conforts himself by thinking about how he never betrayed Julia. Winstons
health is improving, and he is trying to accept the rightness of the party. He
examines the past events and realilizes the party was in control the whole
time. He realizes also that he party can make anything right if is wants to.
He has to practice doublethinking. He wakes up from a troubled sleep, calling
Julia's name. O'Brien enters his room and Winston confesses that he still
hates Big Brother. He is sent to room 101.
Reaction He had also looked to O'Brien for sanity and stength and kindness
but now he sees what he really is a power-hungry guy who likes infliction of
pain. He finds out he has been watched for 7 years. After being broken or
cracked he still has the fact that he has not turned against Julia. They
completely destroyed Winston and he has now entered the party.
Quotes "Have you heard the rumours of the existance of the
brotherhood." "The brotherhood cannot be wiped out because it is not
an orgainization in the ordinary sense" "He was tired, but not
sleepy any longer"
Summary Chapter 5 and 6
The torture room is brightly lit, room 101. O'Brien says that the room
contains the worst thing in the world. It turns out to be rats in a cage which
can be strapped over his face. Winston yells and screems and is overcome by
the horror and the terror. He screams that this punnishment should be given to
Julia and not him. O'Brien spares his life. Winston is then released. He is
sitting under a tree at the Chestnut Tree Cafe. He drinks very heavily now. He
remembers meeting Julia and how they talked about how they betrayed each
other. The party would not allow them to see each other, but neither felt
anything anymore. He remembers a game of his childhood but then it is pushed
out by the broadcast that comes on the telescreen. Eurasia is once again the
enemy. His heart fills with love for Big Brother.
Reaction The party knows the worse nightmare of each person and is ble to
use that against them. It worked on Winston. Finnally he gives in and the
party has won. Quotes "He did not attempt to kiss her, nor did they speek"
"He loved Big Brother"